Tendering and purchasing
is through the public purchase of information in a certain range, stating the requirements of the purchase of items or items of transaction conditions, invite the corresponding qualified supplier or contractor to submit the offer within the specified period of time, after comparative analysis, select the best bidder according to the established standard and a highly organized procurement method with the purchase contract, which embodies the principle of fairness, openness and impartiality.
Because of the complexity and professionalism of the procurement work, some enterprises and institutions are unwilling to spend money, time and energy to directly engage in the procurement work, it is entrusted to the specialized procurement agency to operate. Such a company with its professional procurement staff, a standardized procurement process of good market relations, can use the lowest procurement costs to find the best suppliers, to obtain the appropriate resources, and to enter into a procurement contract for the client and to deal with the procurement process of various accidents. The agent company adopts a certain agency fee as its economic income.
This mode of procurement is mainly existing in the same industry, through the consolidation of the procurement of general materials and unified procurement to obtain large-scale procurement brought about by the low price concessions. In this joint approach, each procurement business is entrusted to the lowest purchase cost of the party to complete, so that the overall procurement cost of the consortium is lower than the original individual procurement costs combined.
The strategic Buying Alliance
Refers to two or more than two enterprises in order to the entire resource market expectations and the enterprise's own business objectives of the overall consideration, the adoption of a long-term joint and cooperative procurement methods. This Union is spontaneous and non-mandatory, and the United Parties still maintain the independence and autonomy of the various companies ' purchases, which are interconnected by mutually agreed agreements and economic interests.
Joint procurement refers to the purchase behavior of two conscious enterprises in some way. In the case of centralized procurement, which emphasizes the centralized purchasing management within the enterprise or group, the joint procurement refers to the purchase activity of the alliance of multiple enterprises for the common benefit, so it can be considered that the joint purchase is the further development of the centralized procurement in the extension. As the alliance of enterprises in the procurement link to implement the joint can greatly reduce the procurement and related links of the cost for the enterprise to create considerable benefits.
In accordance with the centralized procurement, decentralized procurement refers to the company's subordinate units (such as subsidiaries, plants, workshops or stores) according to their needs to meet their own production and operation of the necessary materials and other procurement activities. Decentralized procurement is mainly applicable to small quantities, single pieces, low value, total expenditure in the product operating costs accounted for a small proportion of goods, and centralized procurement compared to decentralized procurement has a small volume, short process, simple procedures, less funds, no increase in inventory costs and other advantages.
Refers to the enterprise in the core management of the establishment of specialized procurement agencies, unified organization of enterprise requirements for the procurement of goods business. To establish the internal procurement Department to unify its distribution around the world's branches of the procurement business, reduce procurement channels, through the bulk procurement to obtain price concessions. Centralized procurement embodies the rights, interests, will, quality and system of the main business, which is advantageous to stabilize the relationship between the enterprise and the supplier, and is the strategic means to reduce the purchase and logistics cost, to win the market, to control the rhythm, to protect the property right, technology and trade secret, to improve the benefit Centralized procurement will become the major procurement methods of the future enterprises, with good prospects for development. The global sourcing sector of TNCs is a typical application of the construction of centralized procurement.
is the process by which an organization acquires all the required goods and services from the outside. Procurement is an economic activity, it is not only a business flow process, but also a logistics process. In manufacturing, people acquire the necessary resources for manufacturing infrastructure (buildings, machinery and equipment), raw materials, parts and other production through procurement. In services, support services such as equipment maintenance and waste management are procured through procurement, which are usually provided by professional contractors. In general, procurement is the process of obtaining resources from the resource market through commodity exchange and logistic means.